The so-called Facebook Law could delete the content for reasons that include incitement to terrorism without criminal proceeding and without any admissible evidence.
The legislation, which was approved Sunday by the Law, Constitution and Justice Committee, is expected to be voted on before the Knesset ends its summer session on July 22.
Along with Facebook, among the social media outlets that would be covered by the legislation are Twitter, WhatsApp, Telegram, YouTube and reddit.
Under the bill, a post that violates any section of Israel’s penal code can be removed after an administrative hearing that does not include a defendant or presentation of evidence.
The legislation “can effectively create censorship,” according to Tehilla Shwartz Altshuler of the Israel Democracy Institute. She called it the “widest application of such a law in the whole of the democratic world.”
Altshuler said the legislation could also “harm political speech in this country tremendously.”
Facebook has removed pages and Twitter has blocked accounts in the past following requests from the Israeli government.